General Information

Online Articles and Libraries

PHI’s Education : For Health Professionals

Information about polio and health related topics (anesthesia, therapy, late effects, exercice,…) for Health Professionals (physical therapists, nurses,…) by Post-Polio Health International. See also Major Topics of Interest.

Articles about Breathing Problems in Post-Polio

Seven articles related to breathing problems and polio. Those articles come from Post-Polio Health ( and Ventilator-Assisted Living (

March of Dimes International Conference on Post-Polio Syndrome: Identifying Best Practices in Diagnosis & Care

Article. The March of Dimes, in collaboration with the Roosevelt Warm Springs Institute for Rehabilitation, sponsored an international symposium on post-polio syndrome (PPS) in Warm Springs, Georgia, in May 2000. The two-day symposium gathered the world’s leading experts on the causes of PPS; diagnostic criteria; features of the disorder, including neurological, musculo-skeletal and respiratory problems; and treatments such as physiotherapy, occupational therapy, coping skills, and nutrition. Participants reviewed current information on the syndrome’s causes and enabled information exchange on best practices regarding diagnosis, treatment, and management of PPS. Priorities for future research were outlined in areas of causation, diagnosis, and clinical management, where there are important gaps in knowledge.

Catalogue for Medical Professionals

Articles written to give useful information and advice for patients, doctors, surgeons, physiotherapists, occupational therapists and dentists.

Polio Information Center Online (PICO)

For now, the PICO page seems to be down, but you can also find the articles that the Columbia Racaniello Polio Lab published.


Emergency care and surgery

“Polio Survivors as Patients – Guide for Emergency Care & Surgical Health Workers”

Summary: Discusses Concerns of Polio Survivors that may require attentionResponse to Medications, why special attention is neededSpecial Considerations for the patient who is a polio survivor & especially those with PPS and Important questions to ask of patients in the Emergency Care setting.

Source: Written by J. M. Walker, PhD, PT, C. McGowan & G. Vardy. Leaflet published by Nova Scotia Polio Survivors Support Group, 1996. Available online in The Lincolnshire Post-Polio Library.

“Summary of Anesthesia Issues for the Post-Polio Patient”

Summary: Polio results in widespread neural changes, not just destruction of the spinal cord anterior horn (motor nerve) cells, and these changes get worse as patients age. These anatomic changes affect many aspects of anesthesia care. No study of polio patients having anesthesia has been done. These recommendations are based on extensive review of the current literature and clinical experience with these patients. They may need to be adjusted for a particular patient.

Source: Selma H. Calmes, MD, ( Chairman and Professor, (retired). Department of Anesthesiology, Olive View-UCLA Medical Center, Sylmar, California. Available on PHI website.